According to Ayurveda, the body has three main elements OR nature – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Whenever the balance of these elements in the body deteriorates, the person becomes ill. To avoid this, Ayurveda incorporates the 6 types of tastes prescribed in the literature. Each taste has an effect on the body as well as the mind. Also, tasting these foods is incredibly important.

According to Ayurveda, you should follow these 6 types of tastes associated with food and drink at any cost to live a healthy life for a long time. Ayurvedic taste culture works to increase harmony and strength in the body.

Ayurveda identifies 6 types of tastes, each of which has an important role in our physiology, health, and well-being. Sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent and astringent.

The 6 types of tastes Or Rasas According To Different Ayurvedic Texts

According to Ayurveda, food should include 6 Rasas. These 6 Rasas are – Madhura (Sweet), Amla (Sour), Lavana (Salty), Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Bitter) and Kashaya (Astringent). Each taste also affects our three doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha).

Everything in the universe is made up of five elements – earth, water, fire, air, and sky (space). The tastes are no different. The six tastes also contain all five elements, but each taste is predominantly composed of just two elements.

Madhura (Sweet)Earth & Water
Amla (Sour)Earth & Fire
Lavana (Salty)Water & Fire
Katu (Pungent)Fire & Air
Tikta (Bitter)Air & Ether
Kashaya (Astringent)Air & Earth


6 types of tastes Or Rasas, sweet is considered the most grounding and nutritious. Vata and Pitta are good for balancing the dosha and enhances the Kapa. When eaten in moderation, it promotes longevity, strength, and tissues. Its temperature is cooling and the taste is comprised of water and earth. These characteristics are heavy, oily, soft, relatively difficult to digest, and moist, so if you are trying to gain weight, it is the flavor to emphasize your diet.

The sweet taste associated with positive emotions such as love, sharing, compassion, joy, happiness, and bliss.

It has sugary flavors such as glucose, sucrose, fructose, maltose, and lactose and can be found in many carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Substances that portray sweet taste-

FruitsBananas, Apple, Cantaloupe, Sugarcane, Dates, Figs, Mangos, melons, prunes
Vegetables sweet potatoes, beets, carrots (cooked), cucumber, olives,
Grainscorn, rice, wheat, pulses
Legumesgarbanzo beans, lentils (red), mung beans, navy beans, tofu, urad dal
Nuts & Seedsalmonds, cashews, coconut, pumpkin seeds
Dairy & EggsHoney, ghee, milk, eggs
Meatbeef, buffalo, pork, salmon
Spices & Flavoringsbasil, bay leaf, caraway, cardamom, cinnamon, coriander, fennel, mint, nutmeg, saffron, tarragon.


Sour taste reduces Vata and increases Pitta and Kapha. It is light, warm and oily and made of water and fire elements. Its temperature is heating and the taste is comprised of water and fire. It is eaten in moderation because if too much sour is eaten it can quickly create imbalances in the body and mind. This taste awakens thoughts and feelings and can improve appetite, digestion, and elimination.

Some sour foods are lemons, Amla, vinegar types, spicy and fermented foods, tamarind, and alcohol.


The salty taste is warm, heavy and moist by nature. Salty taste includes earth and fire. Taste reduces Vata and increases Pitta and Kapha. Due to the grounding and hydrating nature, it is considered best for Vata. Among the 6 flavors in Ayurveda, the salty taste is helpful in digestion and cleansing of tissues. Taste improves digestion, smooths mucus, promotes overall growth in the body, and calms nerves.

Good sources of salt are found in any salt (such as sea salt and rock salt), ajwain, olives, tamarind, sea vegetables (such as seaweed and kelp), and foods that contain large amounts of salt ( Such as nuts, chips, and pickles).


The pungent taste is made of fire and air and is best for Kapha. Increases Vata and Pitta. The pungent taste is a combination of fire and air, with warm, dry and mild properties. The pungent taste warms the body, is stimulating, refreshing, penetrating, and it effectively clears moisture, stagnation. It increases circulation, eliminates itching, cleanses toxins, encourages sweating as well as is great for drying mucus and stimulating metabolism.

The bitter taste is found in spicy foods, garlic, onion, ginger, and radish. Apart from this, hot foods like chili, black pepper, chili powder, ginger, and mustard are also great sources of pungent taste.

Excessive pungent taste can kill sperm and ova and cause sexual debility in both men and women. The pungent taste may also cause excess carcinogens and may cause baldness, tremors, insomnia, and muscle pain.


The bitter taste is quite familiar, which enhances taste Vata and reduces Pitta and Kapha. Bitter’s taste has innumerable therapeutic benefits. It is made up of air and space elements. It is the coldest and mildest of juices.

Due to its calming properties, it is highly detoxified and can help remove waste products from the body. It detoxes the body and promotes a strong mental outlook. Also, Ama, clear congestion, purifies blood, purifies and supports the liver, excluding excess moisture from the body.

Bitter flavored foods include raw green vegetables, green leafy vegetables (spinach, bananas, rockets), aubergines, spices such as turmeric, fenugreek, dandelion, coffee, tea and some fruits (grapes, olives, bitter melon). is.

If overused, bitter taste can reduce sperm production, too much bitter taste also has the ability to soak oozes.


Astringent foods are cold and grounding. Known to produce a dry taste in the mouth. Astringent taste enhances Vata and reduces Pitta and Kapha. It is composed of air and earth elements.

This taste makes you mentally pure and strong. Astringent flavor has compounds that are particularly soluble in water or absorb excess moisture. The astringent taste helps in healing wounds as well as relieves the common cold.

Unripe bananas, some fruits such as cranberries, pomegranates, pears, dried fruits, legumes (such as beans and lentils), alfalfa sprouts, and vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, artichoke, asparagus are all astringent foods.

If used in excess, the astringent taste can cause intestinal irritation, gas, cramps, and constipation.

The effects of taste

All 6 types of tastes help balance our doshas as well as temperature. Each type of taste affects body temperature. Just as some taste is cold, which can help you cool down, while the taste of some taste is hot, which increases the temperature of the body. All 6 types of tastes help balance our doshas


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The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional