Gyan Mudra
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Gyan Mudra: Importance, How to do, Benefits, Side Effect

The word mudra applies to the use of hand gestures during dhyana(meditation) which is used in both Hindu and Buddhist traditions. Mudra is the essence of all yoga and is also known as a ritual that describes some symbolic gestures. There are more than 100 mudras that have been developed over the centuries. They are designed to bring different benefits, depending on what we specifically need. Each finger used in doing these mudras represents an element that is used to symbolize different gestures.

Here we give a detailed explanation of the Gyan mudra and why it is important, the benefits of Gyan mudra, how to do it, and the side effects are known.

Meaning Of Gyan Mudra

The exact meaning of the word Gyan in Sanskrit is Knowledge Or intelligence. As the name suggests, Gyan means ‘Knowledge’ and mudra is the ‘symbolic gesture’ or ‘seal’. So the literal translation of Gyan Mudrs is “Mudra of Knowledge” in English.

In the yogic world, Gyan Mudra is considered one of the most important mudras which promote physical and mental health and helps maintain focus and direct energy. The additional names of the Gyan mudra are Vayu-Vardhak mudra plus Dhyan Mudra.

It is performed to focus the mind during meditation and during some standing yoga poses such as Nataraja Asana (Dancer’s Pose) and Utthita Parsvakonasana (Extended Side Angle Pose) and also while performing sitting asanas such as Sukhasana and Vajrasana.

Importance of Gyan Mudra

Gyan Mudra is the highest of all the postures covered under yoga. When we do yoga in knowledge posture, our intelligence increases, and the sleeping fibers of the brain are also awake. So it is important to meditate while doing Gyan Mudra so that we can benefit more from it.

Hence, knowledge posture is very important for our body and brain. The main intention of the Gyan mudra is to improve concentration and sharpen human memory. Practicing this posture regularly increases the intelligence of the practitioner and helps to eliminate negative forces and focus on attaining true knowledge.

Gyan mudra is also said to be important because the glands of the hands are related to our brains. Right-handed relationship The left brain and left-handed relationship are assumed to be from the right brain. The glands on both sides of the fingers function actively. This makes the sleeping fibers of the brain awake and enhances the human senses.

How to do Gyan Mudra (Mudra of Knowledge)

Gyan Mudra is associated with the knowledge that performing together with meditation asanas. It is a yogic hand gesture that is one of the easiest mudras to perform. The index finger is the symbol of the air element that takes care of the air element in the body. and the thumb is the symbol of the fire element. When these two elements combine, the air element increases in a human’s body. It can be done anytime and anywhere. There are some simple steps that will explain how to do this Gyan Hasta Mudra.

First of all, sit in any comfortable seating posture and place the hands with palms pointing upwards on the thighs or the knees.

Meditation postures like Padmasana, Siddhasana, Swastikasana, Vajrasana, etc. are ideal for the practice of mudras.

Close your eyes and take some deep breaths with the awareness of the breathing process.

Now fold your index finger and tap the tip of the index finger to the tip of the thumb. The rest of the three fingers should be kept extended as much as possible.

Removing all thoughts from the mind has to focus the mind only on OM. In addition, it should be done with both hands simultaneously.

Do not decrease or increase the speed of breath from your side. Perform this pose for 35 minutes at a stretch every day or for 10 to 12 minutes three times a day.

It is not necessary for doing this on an empty stomach. You may also practice this mudra with a full stomach. This mudra also practices in a standing, sitting, or lying down posture.

This mudra is beneficial for the body in many ways, it helps in curing various types of diseases, let us know the benefits of Gyan mudra in detail.

Gyan Mudra Benefits

It is believed Mudra of Knowledge has a lot of spiritual, mental, and emotional benefits.

  • Its regular practice develops the sixth sense. From this, the events of the past, future, and present can be realized.
  • The nerves end in the tips of the fingers and the palms. From whom continuous energy keeps coming out. When the index finger touches the thumb, an energy path is created. And the energy which is normally destroyed by scattering in the atmosphere. It comes back to the body and goes toward the brain. Due to this the level of prana remains in the body.
  • In Hatha Yoga, Gyan Mudra is described as the most effective hand mudra that works to unite the soul with the Supreme Soul.
  • Out of the five elements of the body, Gyan Mudra mainly works to increase the air element inside the body. The increased wind helps the brain work more efficiently. Thus, Gyan Mudra is also known as Vayu-Vardhak Mudra.
  • This pose has a quick effect on our nervous system and the coordination of the mind and brain. Bad thoughts, negative, bad thoughts go away from the mind. There is quick relief from mental stress and the headache due to tension also goes away. The madness of the mind goes away with its continuous practice.
  • Gyan Mudra makes the entire nervous system powerful, and consciousness and life force flow together. That is why it is a very good posture in today’s era of mental stress.
  • The nerves of our palms are directly connected to the brain. By doing hand gestures, these nerves flow energy in the brain, due to which the memory power of the person also increases.
  • Gyan Mudra is effective in freeing the body from various disorders. It detoxifies a person’s body by increasing Apana Vayu. This mudra increases the Vayu element due to which Apana Vayu is awakened.
  • Practicing this mudra is beneficial to avoid Alzheimer’s and beneficial in heart disease.

Time Interval

You can do this mudra anytime and anywhere. You can do it anytime while walking, sleeping, waking up, or sitting. The effect of mudras is visible in the long run, so it should be practiced for a long time. You can practice Gyan Mudra from 15 minutes to 45 minutes.

Scientific Analysis of Gyan Mudra

It is recommended that the fire element resides in the thumb and the air element in the index finger. According to astrology, our thumb is the symbol of Mars and the index finger is the symbol of Jupiter. When these two elements combine, there is an increase in the air element, due to which the effect of Jupiter increases. This way, Gyan mudra symbolizes the union of Self with the universe, the unification of one’s soul and the Supreme Soul

There are pressure points of the brain and pituitary gland in the forefinger of the thumb and there is a point of mind on the forearm of the index finger. When there is a slight pressure on touching two of them, then the mind, brain, and pituitary gland – all three are awakened.

Side effects of Gyan Mudra

  • One should not do any posture immediately after having food and drinking tea and coffee.
  • This mudra should be done on an empty stomach.
  • If you are doing this posture sitting in a chair, then the feet should not be moved.
  • If you feel any kind of discomfort while doing the Gyan mudra, the posture should be left in the middle.


Gyan Mudra is a position of the thumb and forefinger showing the sign of supreme knowledge. Since it is practiced with the help of hands, it is a type of Hasta Mudra.

It helps in increasing focus and concentration of the mind, which leads a yogi to a deep meditative state, therefore this mudra is also called Dhyana Mudra.


The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional