Reverse Prayer Pose

Paschim Namaskarasana or Reverse Prayer Pose is an intermediate position for the hands in a standing or sitting Yoga posture. This is considered a warm-up yoga pose to prepare the body for more intense yoga poses. This is a great pose with tight wrists and forearms into a position that you don’t take very often in your everyday life.

Paschim Namaskarasana comes from the Sanskrit Language. Here Paschima means west or in this context the back; Namaskara means Greetings or salutation and Asana means a Pose. Although the gentle version of the Tadasana. In the Paschim Namaskar posture, the salutation is done with folded hands towards the back. It creates a fantastic stretch for the shoulders.

This is one of the most important asanas in yoga with several benefits to your body as well as health. Aside from that, it realigns the shoulder blades or wrists, a common problem area for anybody who surfs frequently.

This asana also known as with several names such as Standing Reverse Prayer Pose, Tadasana Paschima Namaskarasana, Paschima Namaskarasana, Reverse Namaste Pose, Reverse Prayer Pose, Viparita Namaskar. Viparita means “Behind, opposite or reverse” (in a simple word the meaning of Viparita is – opposite) and Namaskar means “giving respect or greeting”. so the combination of all the words, it’s pronounced as a Reverse Prayer Pose.

let’s look at the steps of how to do Reverse prayer pose ( Paschima Namaskarasana) and the benefits of the Reverse prayer pose, along with the precautions involved.

Paschim Namaskarasana or Viparita Namaskar Quick Facts

Sanskrit Name: Tadasana Paschima Namaskarasana, Paschima Namaskarasana
English Name: Standing Reverse Prayer Pose
Other Name: Tadasana Paschima Namaskarasana, Paschima Namaskarasana, Reverse Namaste Pose, Penguin pose, Westward prayer pose or inverted prayer pose.
Position: Standing, sitting
Yoga Level: Beginner
Stretch: Chest, Arm, and Shoulder

How To Do Paschim Namaskarasana: Reverse Prayer Pose

Among yoga lovers, in Surya Namaskar, where both the hands are folded forward for Namaskar or salutation, whereas in the Paschim Namaskar asana, the salutation is done with folded hands towards the back.

Variation 1

  • To come in Reverse prayer pose first you need to stand in Tadasana (Mountain Pose).
  • Relax the shoulders, bring your legs together and keep your feet one inch apart as well as hands hang both sides.
  • Now bend your knees a little and allow your palms together into prayer position (Namaste) in front of your chest. hold the position to flex your wrists.
  • After that flexibility, bring your arms behind your back and then join your palms with your finger pointing downwards. (Do not excess push the chest and ribs)
  • As you inhale, turn the fingertips inwards towards the spine.
  • Ensure that palms are firmly attached to one another and your knees are slightly bent.
  • Now, close your eyes and take a couple of breaths.
  • Hold the final position for as long as you feel needed to feel stretch.
  • To come out of this position, with exhalation, slowly turn the fingertips downward.

If you cannot perform Namaskar Mudra, unable to turn your fingertips up and keep them together. Although the pose is difficult, you can try a second variation.

Variation 2

Stand in Tadasana with your elbows bent to a 90-degree angle and your palms facing forward. Now, Bring your right forearm behind your back so the forearm rests on your lower back, then bring your left arm in as well, grab your left forearm with your right hand. after that spin, your left hand around to grab your right forearm.

Benefits of Reverse Prayer Pose: Tadasana Paschima Namaskarasana

  • Reverse Prayer Pose stretches the shoulder, upper back, joints, and pectoral muscles.
  • If your shoulders start hurting after a light stretch or if you are facing trouble in their movement, then this asana can prove to be very beneficial for you.
  • This asana also releases tension from your shoulders, forearms, wrists, and collarbones area.
  • This yoga asana is very beneficial for your wrists. Actually, doing too much typing or writing work causes pain in the wrist joint. In such a situation, by doing Paschim Namaskar asana, the wrist joints are opened and it gives a lot of relaxation.
  • Paschim Namaskar Asana is very beneficial for neck and back pain. By doing this yoga asana, the tension of the muscles is reduced and gives relief in pain.
  • This yoga pose is beneficial in making your spine, shoulder, and arms flexible.
  • People suffering from negative emotions like anger, sadness, anxiety should do ‘Paschim Namaskar Asana’ daily. Research suggests that regular practice of Reverse Prayer Posedown negative emotions.
  • Doing this asana helps in promoting digestion and also helps in maintaining your metabolism and energy levels.


  • It is not necessary that you will be successful in doing this the first time. Therefore, do not forcibly bend the wrist too much, it can also cause pain in your wrist.
  • People who suffer from low blood pressure, arm or shoulder injury should avoid doing this pose.
  • When you do Paschim Namaskar for the first time, stay in that position for 5 to 10 seconds. Gradually, when you become expert in doing this asana, then increase the time also.


Namaskar is said to be useful for women, men, children, young and old people. By pressing or holding the palms together while doing Namaskar, there is an activity in the heart chakra and the command chakra, whether it is the Forward prayer pose or the Reverse prayer pose.


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The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional