Swollen Gums

If your gums appear puffy, inflamed, or enlarged, it is appropriate to describe them as swollen gums, also known as gingival swelling.

Swollen gums are a common sign of gingival inflammation, which can be caused by various factors such as thrush, periodontitis, poor oral hygiene, hormonal changes, medications, nutritional deficiencies, and dental issues.

Proper oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups are essential to prevent and manage gum swelling and maintain good overall oral health.

However, swollen gums are relatively common, and fortunately, there are several home remedies and self-care practices that can help alleviate swelling and minimize discomfort.

This article explores some tips to manage swollen gums at home.

Swollen gums home treatment

There are several herbs and natural remedies that may help with swollen gums when used properly. While these remedies can be beneficial, they should not replace professional dental advice or treatment.

While the treatment for swollen gums depends on the cause and condition. It’s crucial to identify the cause to provide appropriate treatment and prevent any further complications.

Here are some common home treatments for swollen gums:

Saltwater rinses

A saltwater rinse is a simple and effective home remedy for soothing gum inflammation and promoting healing. The rinse can help reduce swelling, kill bacteria, and provide temporary relief from discomfort. The saltwater solution creates a saline environment in your mouth, which can have several benefits for your gums.


  • Mix 1 teaspoon of salt and 8 ounces (about 250 ml) of warm water. Make sure the water is not too hot.
  • Take a sip of the saltwater solution and swish it around your mouth for about 30 seconds, making sure it reaches all areas of your gums.
  • Spit out the rinse.
  • Do this 2 to 3 times a day.

Salt and Baking Soda Rinse

A rinse made with a combination of salt and baking soda can help reduce inflammation and neutralize acids in the mouth. Both salt and baking soda have properties that can help neutralize acids, reduce bacteria, and soothe gum irritation.


  • Mix 1/2 teaspoon of salt and 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda in a cup of warm water until they dissolve completely.
  • use it as a mouthwash.
  • Spit out the rinse and avoid swallowing it.

Essential oils

According to a 2013 article, Some essential oils such as thyme, peppermint, clove, eucalyptus, lemon, and tea tree essential oil have been found to have beneficial properties for oral health. These essential oils can have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties, which may help promote general oral health and support gum health.


  • Always dilute essential oils in a carrier oil (such as coconut oil or olive oil) before applying them to your mouth.
  • Mix only a few drops of essential oil with 8 ounces of warm water.
  • Swish the diluted essential oil mixture in your mouth for a short time (15-30 seconds) and then spit it out.
  • Do this 2 times a day until the swelling goes away.

Warm and cold compresses

Warm and cold compresses can be used to relieve pain and reduce swelling in swollen gums.

Applying a warm compress to the affected area can help improve blood circulation and promote healing.

A cold compress can help reduce inflammation and numb the area, providing temporary relief from pain and swelling.


  • Soak a clean towel in warm water, and squeeze out the excess water.
  • Hold the warm damp cloth against your face or wrap a few ice cubes in a clean towel— outside of your cheek, over the
  • swollen area.
  • Hold it there for 5-10 minutes, and repeat as needed.

Turmeric gel

Turmeric contains curcumin, which is a bioactive compound known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. These properties make turmeric a potentially beneficial natural remedy for oral health, including helping to prevent plaque buildup and gingivitis, which can lead to swollen gums.

According to a 2015 study found that using a turmeric gel as a mouthwash reduced plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation in patients with gingivitis.


  • After brushing your teeth, rinse your mouth with warm water.
  • Apply turmeric gel to your gums and Let it for about 10 minutes.
  • Swish fresh water around your mouth to rinse off the gel and Spit it out.
  • Do this 2 times a day until the swelling goes away.

What Causes Swollen Gums? 

Swollen gums can have various causes. Some of the common causes include:

  • Gingivitis
  • Poor Oral Hygiene
  • Sensitivity to toothpaste or mouthwash
  • Periodontitis
  • Nutritional Deficiencies
  • Malnutrition
  • Hormonal Change
  • pregnancy
  • Irritants
  • Poorly fitting dentures
  • Infections
  • Dental Issues
  • Side effects of a medicine


While swollen gums may be common, they should not be ignored. Taking timely action and dental care can help treat your oral health is properly managed and maintained.

There are a number of steps you can effectively manage swollen gums and support overall oral health such as good oral hygiene, saltwater rinses, avoid irritants, dietary adjustments, and use a mouthwash.


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The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional